Hercules, America, and Henry and Sarah

In July 1667, the Peace of Breda ended the second Anglo-Dutch war. Under the terms of peace Surinam was ceded to the Dutch (Zeeland). The Articles of Surrender of the Colony of Surinam were agreed, upon the ship Zealand, on 16 March 1667 and confirmed by the Breda treaty. These articles provided for the British subjects' removal from Surinam, they did not remove. The Treaty of Westminster in 1673 again allowed for the removal of the British subjects and in 1675 commissioners were sent from England to bring away "his Majesty's subjects, their slaves, goods, and estates." Removal was voluntary.

Along with the HMS Hercules, two merchant ships were hired for the transportation to Jamaica, the America and the Henry and Sarah. The ships departed Surinam in August 1675 and landed at Jamaica in September 1675.

The passenger lists for those ships are reproduced here:

Hercules

America

Henry and Sarah

More information about Surinam's history can be found in the books:

Stedman's Surinam Life in an Eighteenth-Century Slave Society

and:

The Dutch in the Caribbean and in Surinam, 1791/5-1942

 

 

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